Why Does My Back Hurt? The Biomechanics of back pain explained

Your ‘backbone’ or spine comprises a series of separate bones (vertebrae) joined together by deformable intervertebral discs, which are tough gristle-like pads of cartilage. Adjacent vertebrae are also connected by small sliding joints, the apophyseal, or facet, joints (Figure 1), and by ligaments which are tough fibrous bands. All of these structures, including the discs, […]

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